Life Ever Changing

A pursuit to become a Registered Dietitian and to promote healthy living

End Mealtime Battles with One Question

endmealtimebattles.jpg

If you have picky eaters in your family, you already know the signs of when they dislike a meal: a blank stare, a turned-up nose, the plate pushed away. Instead of getting upset with their pickiness and falling into familiar mealtime battles, try a new tactic. Ask: “How can I make that better for you?” This question seems simple, but it can work like magic to open lines of communication between you and your children, and can give kids a feeling of control to make the meal more enjoyable. It also may take the pressure off you, since you won’t have to guess what they want — which changes frequently, anyway.

Phrasing is key. Instead of a negative question — such as, “Why don’t you like it?” — a positive question allows for constructive problem-solving and innovative solutions that you create as a team.

Make It Better

The first time you ask “How can I make that better for you?” your child may not know how to answer. That’s OK. Here are some common complaints and suggested solutions (note that nuts and seeds are choking hazards for children under 4):

  • “The food is too hot.”
    Put the plate in the fridge for a few minutes or add ice to hot soup.
  • “The food is too cold.”
    A quick zap in the microwave or a few minutes under the broiler will help.
  • “The food is plain.”
    Use “sprinkles” to add pizzazz to plates: flax seeds, sesame seeds, slivered almonds, fresh mint, shredded coconut, nutritional yeast, cinnamon, or shredded Parmesan or cheddar cheese.
  • “The food is boring.”
    Add a dip such hummus, guacamole, mild salsa or a yogurt-based tzatziki. A dollop of dip adds flavor and fun.
  • “The food is too crunchy.”
    Lightly steam vegetables or add a sauce or spread to crackers or toast.
  • “The food is too creamy.”
    Add texture to soup or yogurt with nuts, seeds, panko breadcrumbs, croutons, granola, diced vegetables or fruit
  • “The plate has [fill in the blank] on it, and I don’t like it.”
    Something as simple as a speck of green herbs or a bit of diced red pepper can be enough to ruin an entire dish for a child. Give your child permission to put the offending food to the side of the plate.

Be warned: The solution that works today may not work tomorrow. The answer to “How can I make that better for you?” will often change but it will always lead to some answer. Whether it’s a sprinkle of cheese or removing the “green stuff,” a simple question can save you from troublesome mealtimes and ensure everyone enjoys what they are eating.

Adapted from: Cara Rosenbloom, RD

Tip of the Day

Jot it down! Before making a grocery list, write down meals you want to make for the week. Shopping for the week means you’ll make fewer trips to the store and buy only the items you need.

Daily Inspiration 

stf,small,600x600-c,0,0,1000,1000.u2.jpg

 

 

Leave a comment »

Diabetes Increases Risk of Death from Heart Attack

lilly-bi-survey.jpg

More research shows that diabetes increases your risk of dying from a heart attack, according to research published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. Researchers followed 703,920 participants who experienced a heart attack. Those diagnosed with diabetes at the time of their cardiovascular event were less likely to survive than those without diabetes. This study supports a recent study with similar results, and suggests treatments focus on the long-term effects of heart disease in diabetes patients.

Alabas OA, Hall M, Dondo TB, et al. Long-term excess mortality associated with diabetes following acute myocardial infarction: a population-based cohort study. J Epidemiol Community Health. Published online June 15, 2016.

Tip of the Day

Chock full of nuts! Walnuts are great in salads, and slivered almonds in veggie dishes. Add nuts to boost nutrition and flavor!

Daily Inspiration 

85c672785c734a44f451c46079811fa6.jpg

 

 

Leave a comment »

Nutrition Facts: A guide to food labels

The Nutrition Facts label is required by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on most packaged foods and beverages. The Nutrition Facts label provides detailed information about a food’s nutrient content, such as the amount of fat, sugar, sodium and fiber it has. In 2016 the FDA announced changes to the label aimed at helping consumers make more informed choices. Manufacturers will have to use the new label by July 26, 2018. The changes include:

  • Making calories and servings per container more prominent by using larger print.
  • Adding “added sugars” as a category under “total sugars.”
  • Removing “calories from fat” because research shows the type of fat is more important than the amount.
  • Updating which nutrients must be listed. Vitamin D and potassium will be added; vitamins A and C will no longer be required but can be included on a voluntary basis.
  • Updating serving sizes to better match how much people actually eat. Serving sizes are not meant to tell people how much to eat.
  • Listing calories and nutrients for a single serving as well as the whole package for foods that are typically consumed in one sitting.

In addition, daily values for nutrients such as sodium, dietary fiber and vitamin D are being updated based on the research that was used to develop the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Knowing how to read food labels is especially important if you have health conditions, such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol, and need to follow a special diet. It also makes it easier to compare similar foods to see which is healthier.

The more practice you get reading food labels, the better you can become in using them as a tool to plan your healthy, balanced diet. To help you decode the new label, each section is explained in the example.

nutrition-label-2016-8col.ashx.jpeg

  1. Serving size: Serving sizes are listed in standard measurements, such as cups or pieces. Similar foods usually have similar serving sizes, so you can compare them more easily. The label also includes the number of servings per container to help you calculate the calories and nutrients in the entire package. Be sure to check the serving size against how much you actually eat. If a serving is 16 crackers but you eat 32 that doubles the calories, sugar, fat and other nutrients you eat.
  2. Calories: The calories listed show the amount of calories in one serving of this food. You can use this information to compare similar products and choose the one that is lower in calories.
  3. Nutrients and daily values: The label must list the amounts of total fat, saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, sodium, total carbohydrate, dietary fiber, sugars, protein, vitamin D, calcium, iron and potassium that are in one serving. The daily value (DV) percent tells you how close you are to meeting your daily requirements for each nutrient. It’s based on a typical 2,000-calorie-a-day diet. The DV can help you track whether you’re getting enough — or too much — of all the nutrients you need in a day.
  4. Nutrients to increase: The typical American diet is low in fiber, vitamin D, calcium, iron and potassium. They’re listed on the label to encourage Americans to include more of these important nutrients in their diet.

Tip of the Day

Garden anywhere! Try growing your own vegetables and herbs. You can start small with a few pots on your balcony or patio or even indoors.

Daily Inspiration 

Four+Things+You+Can't+Recover+Quote+Wall+Decal.jpg

 

 

Leave a comment »

Fiber Helps Prevent Chronic Diseases

1452666034665.jpeg

A high-fiber diet is best for healthful aging, according to a study published online in Aging. Researchers followed the diets of 1,609 healthy people and monitored incidence rates for cancer, heart disease, depression, and cognitive impairment. Those who consumed the most fiber, especially from grains and fruit, were more likely to remain disease-free later in life, compared with those who consumed the least fiber. Possible mechanisms include fiber’s anti-inflammatory properties.

Gopinath B, Flood VM, Kifley A, Louie JC, Mitchell P. Association between carbohydrate nutrition and successful aging over 10 years. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. Published online June 1, 2016.

Tip of the Day

Want to try meal planning? Want to try meal planning, but don’t know where to start? Plan out a week of meals for you or your family before the week starts. By planning ahead you can save time and money by only buying the foods you need and making fewer trips to the store.

Daily Inspiration 

74f91128ed6ad828245e0ac9aeb4e86b.jpg

 

 

2 Comments »

Vegan Diets Do Least Environmental Damage

16_Shifting-Diets-Blog-Graphics_07v4-1.png

A vegan diet leaves the smallest environmental footprint, according to an article published in the Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition. Researchers assigned 63 participants from the New Dietary Interventions to Enhance the Treatments for weight loss (New DIETs) study to a vegan, vegetarian, pesco-vegetarian, semi-vegetarian, or omnivorous diet and monitored changes in their environmental impact. Those in the vegan group decreased their environmental footprint the most when compared to the other diets. A vegetarian diet provides cost savings and uses significantly fewer resources for purchasing and producing plant-based protein, compared with animal-based protein. The authors hope these environmental findings, in addition to the health benefits, compel policymakers to consider plant-based diets in their recommendations.

Turner-McGrievy GM, Leach AM, Wilcox S, Frongillo EA. Differences in environmental impact and food expenditures of four different plant-based diets and an omnivorous diet: results of a randomized, controlled intervention. J Hunger Environ Nutr. Published online April 25, 2016.

Tip of the Day

It’s not about perfection! Healthy eating doesn’t need to be perfect! Remind yourself that your healthy eating style over time is what matters most.

Daily Inspiration 

632f6f7aeed8117b16740629bad3c51d.jpg

 

 

Leave a comment »

7 Mistakes Even Healthy Eaters Make

foodgrilledsalmonjpg.jpg

You’ve taken the first step: vowing to eat well, starting now. Many dieters are so determined to finally lose weight that the pounds will indeed start to whittle away. The problem, though, is that many haven’t learned from their mistakes — and within a month or so, they’ve returned to their poor eating habits. Here are seven of the most common dieting mistakes.

Not Eating Enough Protein with Breakfast

A person decides to eat healthy and chooses a bowl of cereal with non-fat milk and a banana; one hour later, he or she starts complaining of hunger. People who make this mistake are definitely moving in the right direction, but if they are truly watching their serving sizes, the 8 grams of protein from the milk is most likely not going to keep them full until lunchtime. Consequently, they wind up over-snacking until then or eating a lunch that’s too big. Adding a healthy fat to the cereal mix, like slivered almonds, or having a little extra protein — like a hard-boiled egg — can make a big difference in their satiety level.

Having a Snack

This is a tricky one. Most dietitians recommend a mid-morning snack if it’s going to be more than four hours between breakfast and lunch. But often, people misjudge the size of their snack and create another actual meal. A 1-ounce serving of almonds is not the same as a 2-ounce serving. Remember, a snack is a mini-meal, and it ought to be less than 200 calories. Plus, it should contain protein, healthy fat or both, or you will most likely be hungry one hour later. In other words, don’t just grab a piece of fruit. And guess what? If you aren’t really hungry, there’s probably no need for a snack at all.

Not Counting the Calories from Alcohol

You would think this would be a no-brainer, but too many people sabotage their weight-loss efforts by their cocktail consumption. Cocktails don’t need to be flat-out avoided, but you can’t drink like a fish on the weekends and reach your weight-loss goals — no matter how well you eat during the week. And watch the size of your weekday pour — a 6-ounce glass of wine doesn’t have the same calories as a 12-ounce glass.

Eating a Salad for Lunch

Dieters often boast they’re eating salads for lunch, as if they think they’re following the No. 1 weight-loss guideline. Here’s the thing: Some salads are healthy, and some are not so healthy. If you’re piling your salad with everything but the kitchen sink, it’s closer to the latter. Croutons, bacon bits, lots of cheese and a creamy dressing can be just the tip of a diet disaster. Too much chicken, too much avocado and too much olive oil can push it over the edge. So just because you’re eating all those healthy greens, you need to make sure all the other ingredients follow suit.

Leaving the Carb Off the Dinner Plate

This is a really popular mistake. Believe it or not, you can lose weight and enjoy carbs with dinner — too many people think more protein on the plate is far better than adding a carb; when you do the math, however, it doesn’t usually work out in the protein’s favor. For example, a plain 8-ounce chicken breast is around 375 calories, but if you were to eat a 4-ounce serving and add a half cup of brown rice, you would save about 78 calories. A small baked potato (topped with salsa) can save you 105 calories, if you stick with a 4-ounce serving of broiled salmon versus an 8-ounce. And besides saving calories, you’ll be getting fiber, which overall may help with weight loss.

Avoiding Your “Bad” Foods

This is probably the No. 1 diet mistake. Ask yourself: What do you love to eat? And don’t list what you think you should be eating. It’s important to continue to eat those foods you really love — though you likely think you should avoid them. Sound crazy? Well, whenever someone completely avoids the foods they love, they inevitably feel deprived and give up on healthy eating. The key is to find a way to keep the favorites in the mix without sabotaging weight-loss goals. For example: Occasionally having a slice of pizza for lunch with a side salad, enjoying french fries with your burger, but losing the bun and/or sharing dessert at a restaurant when dining out, while consciously passing on the breadbasket.

Trying the Next Fad Diet

If you hear about a diet that promises quick weight loss, run. If you hear about a diet that eliminates food groups, run faster. And if you think trying yet another diet instead of attempting to make lifestyle changes is the answer, think again.

Tip of the Day

Make half your grains whole grains! Read the ingredients list and choose products that name a whole-grain ingredient first on the list. Look for “whole wheat,” “brown rice,” “bulgar,” “buckwheat,” “oatmeal,” “whole-grain cornmeal,” “whole oats,” “whole rye,” or “wild rice.”

Daily Inspiration 

4d572459184ece90be093d24517e8ce3.jpg

 

 

 

 

Leave a comment »

Food-borne illness: First aid

foodborne-diseases.jpg

All foods naturally contain small amounts of bacteria. But poor handling of food, improper cooking or inadequate storage can result in bacteria multiplying in large enough numbers to cause illness. Parasites, viruses, toxins and chemicals also can contaminate food and cause illness. Signs and symptoms of food poisoning vary with the source of contamination, and whether you are dehydrated or have low blood pressure. Generally they include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Dehydration

With significant dehydration, you might feel:

  • Lightheaded or faint, especially on standing
  • A rapid heartbeat

Whether you become ill after eating contaminated food depends on the organism, the amount of exposure, your age and your health. High-risk groups include:

  • Older adults. As you get older, your immune system may not respond as quickly and as effectively to infectious organisms as it once did.
  • Infants and young children. Their immune systems haven’t fully developed.
  • People with chronic diseases. Having a chronic condition, such as diabetes or AIDS, or receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapy for cancer reduces your immune response.

If you develop food poisoning:

  • Rest and drink plenty of liquids.
  • Generally, anti-diarrheal medications should be avoided because they may slow elimination of organisms or toxins from your system. If in doubt, check with your doctor about your particular situation.
  • Infants or young children should not be given anti-diarrheal medications because of potentially serious side effects.

Foodborne illness often improves on its own within 48 hours. Call your doctor if you think you have a foodborne illness and your symptoms have lasted longer than two or three days. Call immediately if blood appears in your stools.

Seek emergency medical assistance if:

  • You have severe symptoms, such as severe abdominal pain or watery diarrhea that turns very bloody within 24 hours.
  • You belong to a high-risk group.
  • You suspect botulism poisoning. Botulism is a potentially fatal food poisoning that results from the ingestion of a toxin formed by certain spores in food. Botulism toxin is most often found in home-canned foods, especially green beans or tomatoes. Signs and symptoms of botulism usually begin 12 to 36 hours after eating the contaminated food and may include headache, blurred vision, muscle weakness and eventual paralysis. Some people also have nausea and vomiting, constipation, urinary retention, difficulty breathing, and dry mouth. These signs and symptoms require immediate medical attention.

Tip of the Day

Out of something in your kitchen? Add it to a list!  Keeping a running list of items you need and bringing it to the store will minimize the number of products you buy and the size of your bill.

Daily Inspiration 

520fae1d4a89b671777f2e585206b0b0.jpg

 

 

Leave a comment »

Real food on a budget

Real-Food-on-a-Budget.jpg

Are you concerned with the cost of your new good-for-you food choices? Some healthy real foods, such as fresh produce and fish can be expensive. But your overall grocery bill may actually be lower because you’re eating less of other costly foods, namely all those pricey processed offerings: chips, cookies and ice cream. Plus, you may find that you’re eating more meals at home and fewer in restaurants, which can also save money.

Here are some ideas for sticking to your grocery budget while eating healthy foods:

  • Plan ahead. With smart planning, you can obtain your recommend daily servings of fruits and vegetables at a very limited price. Shop smart at your grocery store and watch for specials.
  • Buy grains such as oatmeal and brown rice in bulk. Food co-ops are often good at offering foods in bulk.
  • Visit farmers markets for summertime deals. You can usually pick up the freshest produce at the lowest prices.
  • Consider growing some of your own produce. It’s not as hard as you think. If you don’t have room for a garden, you can grow items such as tomatoes and peppers in outdoor pots.
  • Eat simple meals sometimes. A peanut-butter sandwich made with whole-wheat bread or a bowl of soup and a few pieces of fruit don’t cost much.

And remember, your health is worth the investment. Making good choices now will make your life easier later — and it may just save you money down the road.

Tip of the Day

Have fun with physical activity! Exercise can help you feel better and have more energy. Choose activities that you enjoy and that fit your lifestyle.

Daily Inspiration 

e4a22dad16828a7e76e690435d9cbbfb.jpg

 

 

Leave a comment »

Water: How Much Do Kids Need?

Water-Benefits-sm.jpg

Water is one of the body’s most essential nutrients. People may survive six weeks without any food, but they couldn’t live more than a week or so without water. That’s because water is the cornerstone for all body functions. It’s the most abundant substance in the body, averaging 60 percent of body weight. It helps keep body temperature constant at around 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit, and it transports nutrients and oxygen to all cells and carries waste products away. Water helps maintain blood volume, and it helps lubricate joints and body tissues such as those in the mouth, eyes and nose. And, water is truly a liquid asset for a healthy weight — it’s sugar-free, caffeine-free and calorie-free.

How Much Water Do Kids Need?

The daily amount of water that a child needs depends on factors such as age, weight and gender. Air temperature, humidity, activity level and a person’s overall health affect daily water requirements, too. The chart below can help you identify about how many cups of water your child or teen needs each day. These recommendations are set for generally healthy kids living in temperate climates; therefore, they might not be perfect for your child or teen.

The amount of water that your child or teen needs each day might seem like a lot, but keep in mind that the recommendations in the chart are for total water, which includes water from all sources: drinking water, other beverages and food. Notice that fruits and vegetables have a much higher water content than other solid foods. This high water content helps keep the calorie level of fruits and vegetables low while their nutrient level remains high — another perfectly great reason for kids to eat more from these food groups.

So how do you apply total water recommendations to your kid’s day? As a rule of thumb, to get enough water, your child or teen should drink at least six to eight cups of water a day and eat the recommended number of servings of fruits and vegetables every day. Also, pay special attention to your child’s or teen’s water consumption when they are physically active. Before, during and after any physical activity, kids need to drink plenty of water, especially in hot weather. The goal is to drink a half cup to two cups of water every 15 to 20 minutes while exercising.

Kids Total Daily Beverage and Drinking Water Requirements

Age Range Gender Total Water (Cups/Day)
4 to 8 years Girls and Boys 5
9 to 13 years Girls 7
Boys 8
14 to 18 years Girls 8
Boys 11

Data are from Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) Tables. Recommended Daily Allowance and Adequate Intake Values: Total Water and Macronutrients.

Adapted from: Mary Mullen, MS, RD; Jo Ellen Shield, MED RD LD

Tip of the Day

Variety is key! Vary your protein food choices. Eat a variety of foods from the Protein Foods Group each week. Experiment with main dishes made with beans, peas, nuts, soy, seafood, or lean meats.

Daily Inspiration 

b071e93bcc175c71431043b3453dfca6.jpg

 

 

Leave a comment »

Weight Loss Prevents Cognitive Decline

images.png

Weight loss helps prevent brain damage caused by type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online in Diabetes Care. Researchers followed 319 participants with type 2 diabetes and overweight or obesity from the Action for Health in Diabetes study. Some participants received an intervention, including nutrition education, while the control group received no intervention. All participants underwent brain imaging and cognitive tests. Intervention group participants reduced their weight by 12 percent and improved their cardiorespiratory fitness, the body’s ability to oxygenate the muscles, by 26 percent, while those in the control group lost 1 percent of their weight and improved their cardiorespiratory fitness by 7 percent. Those in the intervention group had a 28 percent lower volume of white matter hyperintensity, or damaged areas of the brain, when compared to those in the control group.

Espeland MA, Erickson K, Neiberg RH, et al. Brain and white matter hyperintensity volumes after 10 years of random assignment to lifestyle intervention. Diabetes Care. Published online March 29, 2016.

Tip of the Day

Eat seasonally! Checking what fruits and vegetables are in season in your area may help you save money.  They usually cost less and are likely to be at their peak flavor.

Daily Inspiration 

a02d2f2929341afc24ed9926d69de5cd.jpg

 

 

Leave a comment »

%d bloggers like this: